Summer 2019

⊕ Understanding the Contribution of Coherence and Cohesion to the Band Score Rating in Writing Task 2 of the IELTS Test

page 23-31

Mohammad Ali Dastgheib; Ahmad Pourghasem; Elham Gerami

Key Words:IELTS; writing task 2; coherence; cohesion; IELTS performance descriptors; IELTS band descriptors

Receive Date: 11 June 2019, Accept Date: 11 June 2019

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Abstract:

IELTS is a high-stakes English test for study, migration or work. It has four components, namely Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing. In many surveys, candidates claim that the most challenging part of the test is the second writing task which is the last section of the exam as well. In this paper, we have analyzed the essentialities of this task for ones who aim to score bands 6 and 7, the two most popular band scores aspirants for different purposes yearn to earn. Analysis-based instructions curated for accomplishing band 6 are provided separately, under titles of a. coherence, and b. cohesion; however, for acing the exam with band score 7, complex methods and approaches that incorporate and merge both of the sub-skills are aptly derived from IELTS authentic reference materials and demonstrated in bright and realistic manner.

⊕IELTS vs TOEFL exam(format/content/grading criteria)

page 23-31

Arezou Ebrahimi Touri; Ahmad Pourghasem; Elham Gerami

Key Words:IELTS, TOEFL, similarities, differences

Receive Date: 11 May 2019, Accept Date: 11 June 2019

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Abstract:

It has been a while nearly from many years ago to the present day that two standard exams of IELTS and TOEFL have applied with the purpose of evaluating the candidates pursuing their higher-education goals  and/or immigrating to the English or non-English speaking countries. This research intends to compare the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Internet-based test (iBT) with the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) regarding the format, content and grading of the test. Recently, these two exams have been played a prominent role of gatekeepers into English language institutions and society. In this research a brief history of each test will be described in the literature review and based on studied various comprehensive comparison researches as the methodology there will be a detailed explanation of IELTS and TOEFL exams in terms of format and content criteria separately. Subsequent to comparing each section of both exams in the discussion section the similarity and some differences will be mentioned there. Finally, it will be conducted that while the two tests have some similarities such as the same four sections of reading, writing, speaking, and listening, it doesn’t mean that the same abilities are being measured in each exam and its section. In addition, it has been recommended that whether a test taker wants to take the IELTS and or chooses the TOEFL, he or she should decide with regard to his or her interests as well as skill assessment tests.