مقالات پژوهشي تابستان 98

⊕Understanding the Contribution of Coherence and Cohesion to the Band Score Rating in Writing Task 2 of the IELTS Test

page 10-21

Mohammad Ali Dastgheib; Ahmad Pourghasem; Elham Gerami

Key Words:IELTS; writing task 2; coherence; cohesion; IELTS performance descriptors; IELTS band descriptors

Receive Date: 11 June 2019, Accept Date: 11 June 2019

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Abstract:

IELTS is a high-stakes English test for study, migration or work. It has four components, namely Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing. In many surveys, candidates claim that the most challenging part of the test is the second writing task which is the last section of the exam as well. In this paper, we have analyzed the essentialities of this task for ones who aim to score bands 6 and 7, the two most popular band scores aspirants for different purposes yearn to earn. Analysis-based instructions curated for accomplishing band 6 are provided separately, under titles of a. coherence, and b. cohesion; however, for acing the exam with band score 7, complex methods and approaches that incorporate and merge both of the sub-skills are aptly derived from IELTS authentic reference materials and demonstrated in bright and realistic manner.

⊕IELTS vs TOEFL exam(format/content/grading criteria)

page 22-50

Arezou Ebrahimi Touri; Ahmad Pourghasem; Elham Gerami

Key Words:IELTS, TOEFL, similarities, differences

Receive Date: 11 May 2019, Accept Date: 11 June 2019

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Abstract:

It has been a while nearly from many years ago to the present day that two standard exams of IELTS and TOEFL have applied with the purpose of evaluating the candidates pursuing their higher-education goals  and/or immigrating to the English or non-English speaking countries. This research intends to compare the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Internet-based test (iBT) with the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) regarding the format, content and grading of the test. Recently, these two exams have been played a prominent role of gatekeepers into English language institutions and society. In this research a brief history of each test will be described in the literature review and based on studied various comprehensive comparison researches as the methodology there will be a detailed explanation of IELTS and TOEFL exams in terms of format and content criteria separately. Subsequent to comparing each section of both exams in the discussion section the similarity and some differences will be mentioned there. Finally, it will be conducted that while the two tests have some similarities such as the same four sections of reading, writing, speaking, and listening, it doesn’t mean that the same abilities are being measured in each exam and its section. In addition, it has been recommended that whether a test taker wants to take the IELTS and or chooses the TOEFL, he or she should decide with regard to his or her interests as well as skill assessment tests.

 

IELTS vs. Cambridge exams: A review on different exam types

page 51-65

Shiva Homayounfar; Ahmad Pourghasem; Elham Gerami

Key Words: IELTS, Cambridge Exams, FCE, CAE, CPE

Receive Date: 11 May 2019, Accept Date: 11 June 2019

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Abstract:

In this article I’m going to talk about the IELTS and the other Cambridge Exams (FCE, CAE,CPE).As we all know IELTS has two kinds of exams and the listening and speaking is the same in both. It has proven to be a real indicator of an individual’s ability to communicate effectively in English. This is why the test has gained such popularity for immigration, study and work qualification. IELTS is available in two test formats: Academic or General Training.There are four parts – Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking. FCE or the Cambridge First certificate is mostly for upper-intermediate students and since it’s a minimum level required by university programs in English speaking countries it became popular. CAE is another type of exam held by Cambridge and it’s mostly used for university purposes, and it is a thorough test of all areas of language ability. CPE is the highest-level qualification – proof that you are a highly competent speaker of English. It shows the world that you have mastered English to an exceptional level. It proves you can communicate with the fluency. In this article we are also going to talk about each one of these exam types’ similarities and differences the grading points and what we should expect in each one.

 

⊕IELTS vs. Linguaskill Cambridge Exams: Similarities & Differences

page 66-97

Mina Mahboubi; Ahmad Pourghasem; Elham Gerami

Key Words: IELTS, Linguaskill, similarities, differences, computer adaptive test

Receive Date: 11 May 2019, Accept Date: 26 Sep 2019

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Abstract:

For many years, the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) has been a dominant high-stakes test of English proficiency for fulfilling emigration, education, and employment purposes. Linguaskill Cambridge Assessment, on the other hand, is a newly developed computer adaptive test based on language skills used in real-life situations providing a quick, flexible evaluation of English abilities for meeting various goals. Both exams have their importance, usage, and sets of principles. This study aims to compare IELTS with Linguaskill focusing on the similarities and differences between the two tests. To this end, scrutinizing the literature, first, a brief background on each test is offered in the sections entitled “IELTS introduction” and “Linguaskill introduction” respectively. Then, in the method section, according to the comprehensive studies of related studies as the methodology, through outlining the way the study is conducted, the qualitative descriptive nature of this research is pointed out. Subsequently, both IELTS and Linguaskill tests are explained in detail regarding test format, test content, type of questions, etc. Afterward, in the discussion section, the findings of the study are indicated by comparing the two exams and elaborating on the similarities and differences. Finally, considering all of the identified patterns, a conclusion is reached offering the necessary implications and recommendations for conducting further studies.