آموزش زبان فارسی به غیرفارسی ­زبانان

مرکز بین ­المللی زبان دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر (پلی ­تکنیک تهران)

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) is an international standard for describing language ability. It organizes language proficiency in six levels, A1 to C2, which can be regrouped into three broad levels: Basic User, Independent User and Proficient User, and that can be further subdivided according to the needs of the local context. The levels are defined through ‘can-do’ descriptors. This makes it easy for anyone involved in language teaching and testing, such as teachers or learners, to see the level of different qualifications.

Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarize information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.

C2

PROFICIENT USER

Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

C1

Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialization. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

B2

INDEPENDENT USER

Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken.  Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

B1

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.  Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

A2

BASIC USER

Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.

A1

Listening and Speaking

Reading and Writing

level

Selection from

Persian language 1: Basic Lessons

(Persian Language and Literature Development Council)

Reading Comprehension for Learners of Farsi as a foreign language elementary

(Dehkhoda Lexicon Institute and International Center for Persian Studies)

Mina 1

(Saadi Foundation)

Elementary

Reading Comprehension for learners of Farsi as a foreign language elementary

(Dehkhoda Lexicon Institute and International Center for Persian Studies)

Mina 2

(Saadi Foundation)

Intermediate

Reading Comprehension for learners of Farsi as a foreign language intermediate

(Dehkhoda Lexicon Institute and International Center for Persian Studies)

Reading Texts Related to Students’ Fields of study

Framework Intermediate-Upper Intermediate/Advanced

(Saadi Foundation)

Advanced